Summative evaluation is used to evaluate how properly a pupil has discovered, i.e., to offer a ‘abstract’ of the coed’s efficiency. It’s an ‘evaluation of studying’.
Summative evaluation happens too late within the curriculum to assist rectify the instruction, although such modifications could be made in future programs.
Summative evaluation is outcome-oriented, i.e., it compares a pupil’s outcomes with a typical or benchmark, and no modifications are made in the identical course on account of this evaluation.
Summative evaluation happens on the finish of the course, unit, semester, or yr. They’re held individually from the instruction.
Summative evaluation is a high-stakes evaluation, which implies that the scholars obtain the outcomes of their efficiency within the type of marking or grades. Their progress or inclusion within the subsequent class or program is set, and the effectiveness of the educating program is judged.
Summative evaluation offers college students with extrinsic motivation for enchancment, i.e., enchancment with an purpose of attaining a superb efficiency in a take a look at.
Summative evaluation is predicated on quantitative, fairly than qualitative suggestions, as college students are assigned grades or numeric marking, and particular person college students don’t understand the place they want enchancment.
In summative evaluation, college students are passively concerned, as they solely obtain details about their efficiency once they cannot do something about it.
- Casual observations
Summative evaluation could be of the next varieties.
- Senior recitals
- Statewide exams
- Finish-of-term exams
✔ Steady course of
✔ Helps determine effectiveness of educating and studying
✔ Helps modify instruction accordingly
✔ Identifies struggling college students
✔ College students can assess their very own efficiency
✗ Loses effectiveness when college students should not concerned
✗ Might not be taken critically
✗ Particular person college students have complicated wants
The professionals and cons of summative evaluation are:
✔ Grades present motivation for exhausting work
✔ Evaluates educating strategies
✔ Helps in deciding progress of scholars
✗ Held few occasions
✗ Take a look at anxiousness
✗ No function in enhancing instruction
✗ Makes educating exam-oriented
Formative and summative assessments are essentially the most fundamental of all sorts of assessments. From the above comparability, it’s clear why the previous is extra preferable. Nonetheless, most academic specialists agree balanced mixture of each these varieties is the important thing to tutorial success, fairly than strictly adhering to a single method alone.